There are two energy generation processes that operate in the universe: conservative energy generation and nonconservative energy generation. Standard physics recognizes only one of these sources, conservative energy generation. But in doing so it leaves a large number of observed energy generation phenomena unexplained, as for example overunity generators that produce energy without consuming fuel.
Conservative energy generation processes are processes that are fuel burning, where a material in a low entropy state (high potential energy) is converted into a high entropy state (low potential energy) with the release of energy or production of work.
Nonconservative energy producing technologies violate the first law of thermodynamics and often Newton’s third law. These over-unity or “free energy” technologies have the potential to yield very inexpensive power, new modes of transportation and to greatly benefit society.
The reason that physicists are in this dilemma is because they view the physical universe as a closed system, one that emerged into existence through a highly improbable freak event and that inevitably proceeds towards a heat death in the distant future. They have extended the laws of heat engine thermodynamics to apply to phenomena in the universe as a whole, presupposing that the physical universe constitutes the totality of existence and that it is closed, i.e., has no “outside environment”.
But there is a new approach to understanding the physical universe that is being developed. This instead views the universe as an open system and allows for the spontaneous generation of energy with no need of an antecedent high potential physical source.